Did you know that those affected by CS can develop Hypervolemia when given a maintenance IV rate? Hypervolemia is an overload of fluid in the child’s body. The CS child’s kidneys can not manage the increase in fluid. This homeostasis imbalance from the fluid overload causes the kidneys to suddenly slow down or even stop functioning. This causes rapid hypervolemia, causing respiratory failure and if not immediately treated can lead to death. It is recommended to do the minimum fluid requirements via IV when hospitalized.
Signs of fluid overload Swelling, decrease urine output, new onset pneumonia, rapid onset hypertension, cardiac issues.
Treatment – Immediately stop IV fluids if this develops and use diuretics to remove the excess fluid .